Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy enhances the bodies existing inflammation regulation mechanisms and creates the optimal environment for the brain to heal itself by hyper-oxygenating the bloodstream and releasing progenitor cells into the brain.
Decreasing and controlling intracranial pressure is a major focus of medical treatment directly following a TBI. If intracranial pressure remains high, it can prevent blood passage to tissue, which results in further brain injury. Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT) enhances the body’s existing inflammation regulation mechanisms in order to relieve inflammation in the skull.
people suffer a TBI
Traumatic brain injury’s (TBI) is a major cause of disability and dysfunction in our society today.
Every year close to 2 million people suffer a traumatic brain injury. Traumatic impacts to the skull caused by from sports injuries, car accidents or other blows to the head not only cause surface damage to the skull itself but also cause inflammation and swelling within the skull cavity. The brain is like any other body tissue when it gets injured: it fills with fluid and swells. Because of the hard skull around it, however, the brain has nowhere to expand as it swells. This swelling increases the pressure inside the head (intracranial pressure), which can cause further injury to the brain.
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy works off of the principle of Henry's Law. HBOT puts Henry's Law into action inside the human body. The patient enters the hyperbaric chamber and pressure is increased inside the chamber to between 1.5 - 2.5 atmospheres absolute (ATA), approximately 1.5 - 2.5x normal atmospheric pressure at sea level. Once at pressure medical grade, oxygen is pumped into the chamber. The patient remains in the chamber for 60-90 minutes. The goal of this treatment is to create the optimal environment for the body, and the brain to heal.
In chemistry, Henry’s law is a gas law that states that the amount of dissolved gas in a liquid is proportional to its partial pressure in the gas phase.
It has long been known that healing many areas of the body cannot take place without appropriate oxygen levels in the tissue. Most illnesses and injuries occur and often linger, at the cellular or tissue level. In many cases, such as circulatory problems; non-healing wounds; and strokes, adequate oxygen cannot reach the damaged area and the body’s natural healing ability is unable to function properly. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy provides this extra oxygen naturally and with minimal side effects.
Boussi -Gross, Rahav, et al. “Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Can Improve Post Concussion Syndrome Years after Mild Traumatic Brain Injury- Randomized Prospective Trial.” PLoS ONE, vol. 8, no. 7 7, 207 3, doi: 7 0.7 377 /journal.pone.0079995.
Hu Q. Manaenko A, Xu T, Guo ZN, Tang JP, Zhang JH (207 6) Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for traumatic brain injury, bench-to-bedside. Med Gas Res 6(2):7 02-7 7 0